Symptoms, Treatment and Causes
Learn all about
lung disease and its causes.
disorders categorized under the umbrella of lung disease vary greatly. Most of
these disorders lead to scarring of the lungs, decreasing your ability to breathe
and oxygenate your blood. Though many of theses disorders are different the
damaged caused by all of them is usually permanent. More than 35 million Americans suffer with some form of lung disease and it can be attributed to 1
in 7 deaths in the United States each year.
COPD or chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease is primarily caused by smoking. COPD sufferers experience progressive
narrowing of the airs sacs and small airways in the lungs. Naturally, this
causes a shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. This disease is
typically irreversible and almost entirely a smokers disease.
another lung disease that can be caused by smoking. Almost 85% of emphysema
cases are attributed to smoking. Like COPD patients with emphysema experience
continued deterioration of the air sacs in the lung. In advanced stages of
emphysema sufferers may develop cyst in their lungs, as well as increased
difficulty oxygenating blood.
believe that certain cases of asthma may be related to smoking. It is known
that second hand smoke can be a contributing factor to adolescent asthma and
evidence shows it may contribute to adult onset asthma as well.
Lung cancer is
surely the most recognizable of all the lung diseases caused by smoking. Lung
cancer is the number one killer of all the types of cancer. Smokers make up 90%
of all lung cancer cases and deaths. Out
of all the people diagnosed with lung cancer each year only a maximum amount of
15% will be cured by treatment. Second hand smoke can cause cancer to
non-smokers. Each year around three thousand people die from lung cancer caused
by second hand smoke.
There are two
types of lung cancer, non-small cell and small cell. Non-small cell lung cancer
is far more prevalent then small cell lung cancer. About 80% of all lung cancer
patients have been diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer. This type of cancer spreads to the rest of
the body at a slower pace. Non-small cell lung cancer is the type of lung
cancer developed by smokers. Currently, most available treatments for this type
of cancer do not cure the patients affected.
frequently that you smoke the greater your risk for developing a lung disease.
Studies have shown that if a smoker quits smoking by age 30 the chances of them
developing a smoking related illness reduce by 90%. When you quit smoking each
year abnormal cells that were damaged by smoking are replaced by normal healthy
cells. Therefore every year that passes after a smoker quits the likelihood of
them developing cancer or a lung disease decreases. Naturally, it is always
possible to do permanent damage to your body when smoking. Non-smokers have far
less instances of many of these smoking related illnesses.